Sunday, September 4, 2022

Project-based learning

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Article NO : 7        

Project-based learning

In Search of the Driving Question | Edutopia


  Project-based learning or PBL, is a learner-centered 
method of learning.  It uses problems or projects to 
help learners to rise from the low levels of learning 
to the high standard of learning which include analysis, 
synthesis and evaluation.

It uses projects to facilitate learning and assess students'
 competence. It is a kind of independent learning. 
Students use technology and inquiry to respond to a
complex issue, problem or challenge.  It is not a
 teacher-based learning method.  (PBL) focuses on
student-centered inquiry and group learning.

The teacher plays the role of a facilitator, adviser and
checker.  Projects vary in length, from several days to
several weeks or even a semester.  PBL can be effective
 at all grade levels and subjects, and in career/technical
education, after school and alternative programs.

Image result for Tourists ins sharm

Project-based learning method (PBL) emphasizes long
term learning objectives.  This approach is less structured
than traditional, teacher-led classroom activities.
 In a project-based class, students often must organize
 their own work and manage their own time.

Within the project-based learning framework, students
collaborate working together to make a sense of what
 is going on. 

Project Based Learning is a teaching method in which
students gain knowledge and skills by working for an
extended period of time to investigate and respond to
an authentic, engaging and complex question, problem,
or challenge.

Image result for monuments and tourists in egypt

learning come alive for students.

Students work on a project over an extended period of
 time – from a week up to a semester – that engages
them in solving a real-world problem or answering a
 complex question.

They demonstrate their knowledge and skills by developing
 a public product or presentation for a real audience

As a result, students develop deep content knowledge

as well as critical thinking, creativity, and communication

 skills in the context of doing an authentic, meaningful

project. Project Based Learning unleashes a contagious,

creative energy among students and teachers.

Project-based learning can help students apply

collaboration and creativity skills, problem solve,

and develop a more in-depth understanding 

of content. It can also foster civic engagement 

and decision-making while empowering youth

 to effect change in their communities

Project-Based Learning: Taking Students to a Deeper Level | Getting Smart

Major steps of the Project Method.

  1. Creating the situation (providing a situation) ...

  1. Choosing the project (Selection of the Project) ...

  1. Planning. ...

  1. Carrying out the project (Executing) ...

  1. Evaluating. ...

  1. Recording (Project Report)
The Project

Project work provides a context in which the teacher

can encourage learners to apply their growing

academic skills in purposeful ways.

The teacher has an important part to play in

the initiation, implementation, and culmination
 of projects
Collaboration: Bringing Students Together to Promote Learning | Getting  Smart


Characteristics of Project Based Learning

1.) Interdisciplinary

Project based curriculum is designed to engage students

 using real-world problems.

This is an interdisciplinary approach because real-world

challenges are rarely solved using information or skills

from a single subject area. Projects require students

to engage in inquiry, solution building, and product

construction to help address the issue or challenge


As students do the work, they often use content

knowledge and skills from multiple academic domains

 to successfully complete the project.

516,945 High school Images, Stock Photos & Vectors | Shutterstock

2.) Rigorous

Project based education requires the application of

knowledge and skills, not just recall or recognition.

Unlike rote learning to assess a single fact,

 PBL assesses how students apply a variety of

 academic content in new contexts.

As students engage in a project, they begin with

 asking a question. Inquiry leads the student to think

critically as they are using their academic knowledge

 in real-world applications.

The inquiry process leads to the development of

solutions to address the identified problem.

They show their knowledge in action through the

 creation of products designed to communicate

solutions to an audience.

10 National Universities Where Students Usually Live on Campus | The Short  List: Colleges | US News

3.) Student-centered

In PBL, the role of the teacher shifts from content-deliverer

 to facilitator/project manager.

Students work more independently through the

PBL process, with the teacher providing support only

when needed. Students are encouraged to make their

 own decisions about how best to do their work and

demonstrate their understanding.

The PBL process fosters student independence,

ownership of his/her work, and the development 

of 21st century/workplace skills.

The Benefits:

Proponents of project-based learning cite numerous

benefits to the implementation of its strategies in the

classroom – including a greater depth of understanding

of concepts, broader knowledge base, improved

communication and interpersonal/social skills,

enhanced  Leadership skills, increased creativity and

 improved writing skills.

Another definition of project-based learning includes

 a type of instruction, where students work together to

 solve real-world problems in their schools and communities.

Successful problem-solving often requires students to

draw on lessons from several disciplines and apply them

 in a very practical way. The promise of seeing a very

real impact becomes the motivation for learning.

City Tyumen Russia September 1 2012 Stock Photo (Edit Now) 1032517654


1-Learners' Projects on the standard of their classroom


Learners do written tasks, written exercises, Wall charts,
wall magazines, classroom rules chart,doing researches
and tasks. Learners use technology, reports, debates,
draw a giant map on floor of classroom, do class
discussions conducted by a student committee.

Learners do reading assignments in journals, monographs
 and in supplementary books. Learners do cartoon and
metal teaching aids, Diaries, Jigsaw puzzle maps.

Learners Invite senior citizen(s) to present local history
to class including displaying artifacts
(clothing, tools, objects, etc.).  Learners do drama,
role playing, culture exchange, laboratory experiments
and flannel boards.

Student construct diagrams, charts, or graphs and
applying simple statistical techniques to class data.
Learners do Problem solving or case studies on the

2-Learners' Projects on the standard of their school


Learners do wall magazines, questionnaires, school

broadcast, reports, news bulletin board and  prepare

mock newspaper on specific topics or era. 

Learners construct English club, blogs, electronic sites,

free reading and the library researches.

Learners do debates, interviews, presentations, school

garden programs, school theater and exhibitions.

They Invite senior citizen(s) to present local history to

 class including displaying artifacts (clothing, tools, objects, etc.),

athletic festivals and concerts.

They use radio and TV programs. They do  service

projects, exchange program with schools from different

 parts of the country,  statistics, surveys, contests and  quiz.

For example, a student interested in farming may explore

the creation of a school garden that produces food and

 doubles as a learning opportunity for students, while

another student may choose to research health concerns

related to specific food items served in the cafeteria,

and then create posters or a video to raise awareness

among students and staff in the school !


Teaching Students How to Work Together | Getting Smart

3-Learners' Projects on the standard of their society


Learners go on school journeys and share in social media,

They  do school forums, making announcements, take 

part in (community elections),

Visit an employment agency, research local archaeological

 site, collect money for a cause, join an organization,

start a campaign, do volunteer (tutoring, hospital),

stamp out illiteracy and fight pollution.

4-Learners' Projects on the standard of the community


Learners can participate with the press, international 
forums or social media programs to give a hand 
in solving problems that include:

Education reform, creating programs for illiterate to lean
 and idle people to work, follow a world leader (in the media),
assist an immigrant, investigate a life program and receive
students from abroad (exchange students) programs..
Academics - West Aurora High School

Learners' roles:

 PBL relies on learning groups.  Students groups determine
 their projects.  In doing so, they engage student's voice by 
encouraging students to take full responsibility for their
 learning. This is what makes PBL constructivist. 
 Students work together to accomplish specific goals. 

When students use technology as a tool to communicate
with others, they take on an active role vs passive role of
 transmitting the information by a teacher, book, 
or a broadcast.

The student is constantly making choices on how to obtain,
display or manipulate information.  Technology makes it
possible for students to think actively about the choices
they make and execute.  Every student has the opportunity
 to get involved, either individually or as a group.


It needs critical thinking,problem solving, collaboration,
It requires inquiry and creating something new.
It is organized around an open-ended Driving Question.
It allows some degree of student voice and choice.
It includes processes for revision and reflection.
It involves a public audience.

I wait for your comments,
 posts and links.
Thanks a lot.
Mr. / Girgis.

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